2014 International Sea Lines of Communication Academic Conference, R.O.C.
Home / About SLOC / Membership

Representatives from across the Indo-Pacific are eligible to apply for membership, which is usually through a relevant research centre or institute, rather than on an individual basis; however such membership is not seen as committing that institution or centre to the Group's activities. There are two obligations for membership: be actively involved in research on SLOC issues, and preparedness to coordinate SLOC research activities in their territories on behalf of the Group. Existing members will vote on applications for membership.


Australia currently acts as the Secretariat for the Group:
Mr Andrew Forbes (arforbes@bigpond.net.au)

Territory Representatives

Researchers interested in SLOC issues are encouraged to contact their nearest territory representative for information about the Group or for assistance with their research, as these representatives are experts on SLOC security issues.


Mr Andrew Forbes (arforbes@bigpond.net.au)

Mr Andrew Forbes has nearly 30 years experience in defence policy making, including force structure development, capability costing, naval strategy and maritime security. He was awarded a Bachelor of Arts degree from Flinders University (1985); a Master of Defence Studies degree from the University of New South Wales (1989); a Master of Arts in Maritime Policy degree from the University of Wollongong (1999) and a Master of Public Administration degree from Queen's University, Kingston, Canada (2001). He is a graduate of the RAN Staff College (1996). He is a Visiting Senior Fellow at the Australian National Centre for Ocean Resources and Security, University of Wollongong; a Research Fellow at the Centre for Foreign Policy Studies, Dalhousie University; an Associate of the Corbett Centre for Maritime Policy Studies, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom; and is a member of the International Institute for Strategic Studies, London.


Dr Jim Boutilier (James.Boutilier@forces.gc.ca)

Dr James Boutilier is the Asia-Pacific Advisor at Canada's Maritime Forces Pacific Headquarters in Esquimalt, British Columbia. He is responsible for advising the Commander of Maritime Forces Pacific on matters of defence and foreign policy and maritime security in the Asia-Pacific region. Prior to his appointment at MARPAC, he spent twenty-four years on staff at the Royal Roads Military College in Victoria as Head of the History Department and then as Dean of Arts.

He attended Dalhousie University (BA History: 1960), McMaster University (MA History: 1962), and the University of London (PhD History: 1969) and served in the Royal Canadian Navy Reserve from 1956 to 1964 as a navigating officer and in the same capacity in the Royal Navy Reserve from 1964 to 1969.

His field of expertise is Asia-Pacific defence and security, particularly with regards to maritime issues. He has published widely on international defence and security issues, including RCN in Retrospect (1982), and articles in professional monographs as well as the Asia-Pacific Defence Reporter and Canadian Institute of International Affairs journals. His latest publication was a chapter on the future of navies in the Canadian Navy's centennial volume, The Naval Service of Canada, 1910-2010: The Centennial Story. Some of his recent lectures have focused on the Canadian Navy's role in the Asia-Pacific, the new Asian security architecture, Northeast Asian security issues, and the new naval order in Asia. He lectures frequently at the NATO Defense College, the Canadian Forces College, the Australian Defence College, the National Defense University of the Philippines, and Bharia University in Karachi on behalf of the Pakistani Navy.


Dr Probal Ghosh (pkghosh_in@rediffmail.com)

Captain PK Ghosh recently retired from the Indian Navy after 27 years of commissioned service of which more than 12 years were focused on strategic analysis and academics. A graduate from the National Defence Academy, he did his postgraduate work in political science from Kurukshetra University and in telecommunications from Cochin University of Science and Technology; his doctorate in international relations is from CCS University. He is a member of the National Advisory Committee of CSCAP-India and is a co-chair of the study group on maritime/naval issues. He was a research fellow at the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (2000-04), the Prof DS Kothari DRDO Chair at the United Services Institute of India (2004-05) and was a founding member of the National Maritime Foundation (2006-08); during 2009 was a senior fellow at the Centre for Air Power Studies and is currently a Senior fellow at the Observer Research Foundation.


RADM Rosihan Arsyad (Rtd) (roarsyad@yahoo.com)

Rear Admiral Rosihan Arsyad is the Executive Director of the Institute for Maritime Studies, and President of the United in Diversity Forum. He was educated at the Indonesian Naval Academy, Air Force Staff and Command College and the Indonesian National Resilience Institute. After graduating from US Navy flight training in Pensacola, he served for many years as a pilot in the Indonesian navy, commanded a tank landing ship, and was the Chief of Staff of the Western Fleet. He was the Governor of South Sumatra Province from 1998 to 2003.


RADM Sumihiko Kawamura (Rtd) (kawamura-marinst@asri.jp)

Rear Admiral Sumihiko Kawamura attended the National Defence Academy and graduated in 1960. After completing Officer Candidate School and the Overseas Training Squadron, he began training as a naval aviator, receiving his gold wings in 1962. He attended the JMSDF Staff College and the National Institute for Defense Studies. He held a number of staff and command appointments, including three years as Naval Attaché in the Embassy of Japan in Washington, and was Commander of Air Wings 4 and 5 based on Okinawa. He retired from the JMSDF in 1991 and in 1998 established the Kawamura Institute for Maritime Strategy and Security Studies, working closely with the Okazaki Institute. Since 2000 he has been the Executive Director of the Asian Security Forum in Tokyo.

Republic of Korea

Paik, Jin-Hyun (jhpaik@snu.ac.kr)

Jin-Hyun Paik is Judge of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea in Hamburg, Germany. He is also Dean of the Graduate School of International Studies (GSIS), Seoul National University (SNU), Korea. He has specialized in international law and organization, law of the sea, and international security and conflict management. Educated at Seoul National University (LL.B.), Columbia Law School (LL.M.), and Cambridge University (Ph.D.), he was doctoral fellow at the Hague Academy of International Law, Netherlands; visiting fellow at the Rand Corporation, Santa Monica and Hoover Institution, Stanford; and visiting professor at Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS). He has been a member of Korean delegations to various diplomatic conferences including the UN General Assembly, UN conferences on the law of the sea, and UN peacekeeping committees. He also has been a member of advisory committees to various government organizations of Korea including Presidential Office, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, and the National Security Council. He is currently President of a few academic associations in Korea including the Korean Academic Council on the UN System (KACUNS) and the Sea Lanes of Communication (SLOC) Study Group Korea. He is also President of the HaeSung Institute for Ethics in International Affairs, a non-profit, private foundation dealing with the role of ethics and norms in international relation. He has edited eight books and written over 100 articles on his field of interests both in English and Korean. Prof. Paik has been a frequent contributor and commentator on international affairs to major Korean newspapers and international media such as CNN, CNBC, BBC, Washington Post, New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Financial Times, Asian Wall Street Journal, Boston Globe, Newsweek, Asiaweek, etc.

New Zealand

Mr Peter Cozens (pacoz@paradise.net.nz)

Mr Peter Cozens joined the British India Steam Navigation Company Limited in 1964. During those years he sailed in the Company's cadetship, cargo, passenger and cruise liners, sailing and trading around the orient and the littoral of Europe but left in 1972 to join the Royal New Zealand Navy. During his career in the RNZN he enjoyed a wide variety of postings ashore and afloat. In 1991 he enrolled at Victoria University of Wellington in 1991 as a mature student to begin to formalize his knowledge of Asia and Classical Studies. He joined the Centre for Strategic Studies in 1996 and after an interesting apprenticeship was appointed Director in 2002 and retired in January 2010. He continues to nurture his fascination and understanding of Asia, in culture and civilization, history, economics, civil society, music and the arts, and of course politics. Within the discipline of Economic History his research interests include maritime strategy, oceans policy, the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, Indian and Chinese maritime development, security, broadly defined - especially of a non-traditional nature, Southeast Asia and Oceania. Peter is a graduate of Victoria University of Wellington (BA (Hons) in History and MA in Economics) and the Royal Australian Naval Staff College.


Dr Euan Graham (isesgraham@ntu.edu.sg)

Dr Euan Graham has been a long-time observer of maritime East Asia, in academia, the private sector and for the British government. His research interests include Japan's SLOC security, North Korea and Southeast Asia's maritime security.

From 2004 to 2010, Dr Graham was Senior Research Officer for the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO), where he served first as the lead analyst for the Korean Peninsula and Japan, before heading the Southeast Asia and Pacific Research Group. He has served as Chargé d'Affaires at the British Embassy in Pyongyang and acting Deputy Head of Mission at the British Embassy in Manila.

Before joining the FCO, Dr Graham was Asia Editor/Analyst at the risk consultancy Oxford Analytica from 2001-03. He obtained a PhD in strategic studies from the Australian National University, where he was also actively involved in regional security dialogue, as Executive Officer for the Australian member committee of the Council for Security Cooperation in Asia Pacific. His book, Japan's Sea Lane Security 1940-2004: A matter of Life and Death?, published by Routledge in 2006, was the first comprehensive English-language analysis on this subject. Dr Graham joined the Rajaratnam School of International Studies (NTU, Singapore) in February 2011, where he is a Senior Fellow in the Maritime Security Programme. He is also an Associate Fellow of the Royal United Services Institute in London.

United States

Dr Stan Weeks (stanley.b.weeks@saic.com)

Dr Stan Weeks joined The SPECTRUM Group in September 2007 after seventeen years at Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) (where he remains a consulting employee, training Navy staff on PPBE processes) and a prior 24-year career in the US Navy (including destroyer command as the flagship captain for NATO's multinational standing naval force, and prior duty coordinating that multinational force's operations from the flagships of admirals of the UK and Dutch Royal Navies). He has extensive strategic and operational planning experience in business, defense, foreign policy, and international and regional security contexts. Since October 2007 he has also supported the Secretary of Defense and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff as an Adjunct Professional Staff Member at the Institute for Defense Analyses (IDA), where his work has included Defense Planning Scenarios for QDR 2010, enhancing interagency effectiveness, and the outline for a new National Defense Strategy. Independently, he has worked on projects for the Center for a New American Security and the Center for Naval Analyses, and has recently been designated a Visiting Fellow at the Corbett Centre for Maritime Policy Studies at the UK Joint Services College.

A 1970 graduate of the US Naval Academy, Dr Weeks attended the University of Madrid, Spain (1974-76) as an Olmsted Scholar (Political Science Doctoral courses and Latin American Studies post-Master's courses.) He holds PhD (1977) and MA (1974) degrees in International Studies from The American University, was a National War College faculty member (Department of Strategy and Joint Military Operations), and since 1994 has been an Adjunct Professor of the Naval War College, teaching the National Security Decision Making (NSDM) graduate course (strategy and force planning, and executive leadership) to Washington area students from the military, government agencies, and Congressional staffs. Dr Weeks is the author of the book The Armed Forces of the USA in the Asia-Pacific Region as well as over two dozen chapters and articles in books and journals. He has spoken to over sixty international war colleges, universities, and conferences (most recently in China, Japan, Canada, India, Estonia, Singapore, and Malaysia) on a variety of strategic planning, defense transformation, maritime and regional security topics. Since 1991, Dr Weeks has also been a military and naval analyst for CBS News, participating in dozens of television and radio broadcasts from CBS News New York headquarters during the 1991 Gulf War and the 2003 Iraq War.

2014 International Sea Lines of Communication Academic Conference, R.O.C.